动词后加ing顺口溜 用法有哪些

ing分词具有动词的一些特征,可带自己的宾语或状语,从而一起构成动词—ing 形式的短语。下面小编整理了动词后加ing的顺口溜,供大家参考!

动词后加ing顺口溜 用法有哪些

1英语动词后加ing的用法

(1) 作主语

-ing分词短语放在句子的前面做主语,但当-ing分词短语较长时,为了使句子保持平衡,常用it作形式主语,而将真正的主语放到句子的末尾。如:

Reading makes a man perfect. 阅读使人完美。

(2) 作宾语

-ing分词既可做某些动词的宾语,也可做介词的宾语。

a. -ing分词并不是做所有及物动词的宾语,而是只能做某些及物动词的宾语,如:admit, advise, allow, avoid, consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse, finish, fancy, forbid, imagine, mind, miss, keep, pardon, permit, postpone, practice, prevent, resist, risk, suggest, stop及下列短语动词的宾语: carry on, can’t help, feel like, give up, keep on, put off, set about, object to, insist on, prevent from, pay attention to, stick to, refer to, get down to, look forwards to, devote…to, be / get used to, lead to。如:

I dislike playing cards. 我不喜欢打牌。

(3) 作表语

-ing分词作表语时,有两种情况,一方面,当-ing分词具有名词性质时,-ing分词短语说明主语的内容;另一方面,当-ing分词具有形容词性质时,-ing分词说明主语的性质或特征。如:

His job is teaching English. 他的工作是教英语。(说明工作的内容)

(4) 作宾语的补足语

下列动词可接-ing分词作宾语的补足语。

a. 感、知觉动词:feel, hear, look at, listen to, notice, observe, sense, see, watch 可接-ing分词作宾语的补足语。如:

I heard her singing in the next door? 当时我听见她在隔壁唱歌吗?

1英语动词后加ing的顺口溜

考虑建议盼原谅,

承认推迟没得想.

避免错过继续练,

否认完成就欣赏.

禁止想象才冒险,

不禁介意准逃亡.

consider,suggest/advise,look forward to,excuse/pardon

admit,delay/put off,fancy

avoid,miss,keep/keep on,practise

deny,finish,enjoy/appreciate

forbid,imagine,risk

cant help,mind,allow/permit,escape

1动词加ing的规律有什么

1.大多动词直接在词尾加-ing,比如:go-going,work-working,study-studying,look-looking,do-doing,eat-eating,play-playing,read-reading,climb-climbing

2.有的以不发音的e字母结尾的动词,要去掉e再加-ing,比如:make-making,write-writing,come-coming,make–making,take-taking,have-having,dance-dancing,

若结尾的e 发音,就不能去掉,如:see-seeing

3.以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,要双写这一辅音字母,再加-ing.例如:run-running,swim-swimming,sit–sitting,put–putting,begin–beginning,hit-hitting,stop-stopping

如果结尾是元音字母加辅音字母组合,就直接加-ing.比如:drawing,playing




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